Are you dry, oily, combination, normal, or sensitive? The first step in developing a skincare routine and picking the best skincare products is to determine your skin type!
According to Christian Millett, a board-certified dermatologist with Forefront Dermatology, “Knowing your skin type will allow you to choose the right cleansers, moisturizers, and other products to keep your skin looking and feeling its best. When it comes to skincare products, one size does not fit all.”
Dry skin can appear flaky, scaly, or rough; it looks dull and has a tendency to become cracked and inflamed. If you have dry skin, limit yourself to short showers and only once a day. Wash with a gentle cleanser, like our Vanicream Gentle Cleanser, that doesn’t contain alcohol or fragrance. After washing, pat your skin dry and then apply a moisturizer, making sure to reapply throughout the day. Choose a thick, cream-based moisturizer that contains emollient ingredients like Vanicream Moisturizing Cream or SkinMedica Dermal Repair Cream. Then, use a gentle exfoliator (SkinMedica AHA/BHA Exfoliating Cleanser) once a week to remove the buildup of dead skin cells. Browse all dry skin products here.
Oily skin is shiny and greasy, often with enlarged pores; it can be prone to pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads. Oily skin should be washed twice daily with a glycolic acid cleanser, like our ID&L Renewing Glycolic Acid Cleanser, to help keep pores unclogged; however, the skin should not be scrubbed. After cleansing, apply an oil-free moisturizer (EltaMD PM Therapy Moisturizer). Look for makeup products that say “non-comedogenic,” meaning they won’t clog pores. Browse all oily skin products here.
Combination skin is dry in some spots, such as the cheeks, and oily in others, like the T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin). Combination skin often requires treating the various areas of your face differently. Treat dry areas using the dry skin advice and oily areas using the oily skin advice. You will need to use a moisturizer on the dry areas of your face and reduce excess oil with products containing salicylic or glycolic acid on the others. Some people with combination skin can get away with using just one cleanser: a gentle cleanser (Vanicream Gentle Cleanser). Gently exfoliate weekly to keep your skin looking more clear and even. Browse all combination skin products here.
Normal skin is balanced (neither oily nor dry), not prone to redness or breakouts, and not sensitive. But even if you’re one of the lucky ones with normal skin, it is still important to follow a healthy skincare routine. The basics that every skin type needs, including normal skin, are: use a gentle cleanser to wash, moisturize daily, and use a broad-spectrum sunscreen that blocks both UVA and UVB rays. Browse all normal skin products here.
Sensitive skin easily becomes red and inflamed. It may sting, burn, or itch upon application of almost any new product, especially one containing fragrance or preservative. Sensitive skin can be related to underlying skin conditions (such as rosacea) as well as changing hormone levels, stress, sleep deprivation, and environmental factors. To cleanse skin without stripping it of lipids, avoid foaming face washes. (Try Cerave Hydrating Cleanser) Calm the skin using products that contain anti-inflammatory ingredients, such as green tea. Choose a sunscreen with a physical blocker (zinc oxide or titanium dioxide) rather than a chemical blocker as the active ingredient, like the eltaMD UV Clear. Browse all sensitive skin products here.
Wearing a facial sunscreen daily is important for all skin types. Not only does it prevent the development of skin aging such as wrinkles and dark spots, but it also protects against the sun’s harmful rays that can cause cancer. See our sunscreen recommendations here:
Need a little more guidance? Schedule a free cosmetic consultation here or chat with our cosmetic consultants at 205-980-6207.